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Education Background

Career Planning

Concept of Career

The term Career is not something new and has been in use for many decades. Having said, it is critical that one knows what it really is and understand the distinction between a job, occupation, profession and a career. The world has become so very competitive that no matter how many thousands of opportunities are on offer, for each new job out there; hundreds, possibly thousands are going after it. To put things in perspective, about 50 lakh youth (5 million) join the workforce in India every year (as of 2019), but not that many jobs are on offer. With this as the backdrop, let us have a look into the distinctions.


Job | Occupation | Career | Career Planning


Job
A job is the work that a person does to earn money.

Occupation
A person’s primary or regular/routine work, especially in terms of earning a livelihood. For example, being a doctor, lawyer, shop retailer, carpenter or teacher in school.

Career
An occupation undertaken by a person for a significant period of his/her life with opportunities for growth and progress.

One seeks to build a career not merely for the sake of earning a living or just to survive but to grow, progress and thrive! For example, a fresh graduate in law may start as an apprentice with a senior lawyer, but could chart out a plan to gain knowledge, undergo trainings and practice specialized skills over a span of 15 or 20 years, grow with opportunities and become a senior judge. Similarly, a fresh graduate in medicine could begin as an intern in a reputed hospital or serve for free in a rural area but could take up higher studies, practice and gain specialized skills over 10 or 15 years to become an expert surgeon.

What is career planning?
What is career planning? Career planning is a process by which one selects career goals and the path to reach those goals. It encourages individuals to explore and gather information, which enables them to syn¬thesize, gain competencies, make decisions, set goals and most critical of all - take action. Career planning brings out the best in the individual and helps utilise his/her skills and abilities to the optimum.

Career planning process
There following is the 5-Step Process to career planning for success:

1) Self-Assessment
2) Career Research
3) Career Exploration
4) Making The Career Decision
5) Taking Action